Mexico flag


    Mexico flag
    The flag of Mexico (Bandera de México) is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe. The coat of arms has an eagle, holding a serpent in its beak and talon, is perched on top of a prickly pear cactus growing out of rocks in the middle of a lake. A wreath of oak and laurel tied with a ribbon in the national green-white-red colours is below the eagle.

    Mexico flag day


    Mexico flag



    When is Mexico flag day?

    The first national flag was officially decreed by Agustín de Iturbide in November 1821 and first officially used in July 1822. The current national flag was adopted on September 16, 1968, and was confirmed by law on February 24, 1984.
    Flag Day (Día de la Bandera) is celebrated every year on February 24 since its implementation in 1937. On that day in 1821, all the factions fighting in the War of Independence joined together to form the Army of the Three Guarantees in response to the Plan de Iguala, which was signed by Vicente Guerrero and Agustín de Iturbide, declaring Mexico officially an independent country.
    General Vicente Guerrero was the first military official who swore allegiance to the national flag

    Mexico history



    Mexico flag


    What is Mexico flag history?

    Spanish troops led by Agustin de Iturbide and the Mexican insurgent troops of Vicente Guerrero which fought separately during the Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821) were unified to form the 'Army of the Three Guarantees' (Ejercito Trigarante) which consolidated Mexico's independence from Spain. The French Tricolor served as the inspiration for the design of the new flag for the new nation, but the colors were chosen to represent the 'Three Guarantees' - Green symbolized independence, white was for the Roman Catholic religion, and red is for union of Americans and Europeans.
    The Mexican Coat of Arms is based on a legend, Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec's supreme deity, instructed the leader of the Aztec people to settle in a place where an eagle landed on a prickly-pear cactus, eating a snake. After years of wandering they found the eagle eating a snake on a on a prickly-pear cactus growing on a swampy island in the Lake Texcoco. They settled there in 1345 and built the great city of Tenochtitlan ('Place of the Prickly Pear Cactus'). It served as the most important Aztec city until it was destroyed by the invading Spanish in 1521. Mexico City is built on the ruins of this ancient metropolis.

    Similarity to Italian flag

    Difference between Mexican flag and Italian flag
    Both Mexican and Italian use the same colors (green, white and red), but the Mexican flag has darker shades of green and red (particularly the green). These flags present a different aspect ratio (proportions): the Italian flag aspect ratio is 2:3 (1 to 1.5), more squarish in shape, while the Mexican flag aspect ratio is 4:7 (1 to 1.75), resulting in a longer shape.
    Mexican Flag and Italy Flag

    Mexico flag display rules


    Mexico flag
    Mexico Flag protocol
    When the flag is paraded in front of a crowd, those in military uniform must present a salute according to military regulations. Civilians who are present give the following salute to the national flag: standing at attention (firmes), they raise their right arms and place their right hands on their chests, in front of the heart. The hand is flat and the palm of the hand is facing the ground. This salute is known as the El saludo civil a la Bandera Nacional ("The Civil Salute to the National Flag"). When the President is acting in the capacity of the Head of the Armed Forces, he salutes the national flag with a military salute. When the national anthem is played on television to open or close daily programming, the national flag will be shown at the same time. During certain times of the year, the flag is flown by both civilians and government personnel. Mostly, these events coincide with national holidays and days of significance to the country. During some of these occasions, the flag will be flown at half-mast to honor the death of important Mexicans. These dates are listed in Article 18 of the Law of the National Flag, Arms and Anthem. The national Día de la Bandera (Flag Day) celebration occurs on February 24. On this day in 1821, all the factions fighting in the War of Independence joined together to form the Army of the Three Guarantees in response to the Plan de Iguala, which was signed by Vicente Guerrero and Agustín de Iturbide, declaring Mexico officially an independent country. General Vicente Guerrero was the first military official who swore allegiance to the national flag.

    Flag oath

    Mexico Flag
    Mexican flag songs
    The flag songs are dedicated to the flag day, it is a national holiday in Mexico. Flag Day is celebrated every year on February 24 since its implementation in 1937. The songs were established by President of Mexico General Lázaro Cárdenas before the monument to General Vicente Guerrero, first to pledge allegiance to the Mexican flag and Agustin de Iturbide:

    Juramento a la Bandera Oath to the Flag
    ¡Bandera de México! Flag of Mexico!
    Legado de nuestros héroes, Legacy of our heroes,
    símbolo de la unidad symbol of the unity
    de nuestros padres y nuestros hermanos. of our parents and our siblings.
    Te prometemos ser siempre fieles We promise to always be loyal
    a los principios de libertad y de justicia to the principles of liberty and justice
    que hacen de nuestra patria la nación independiente, that make our homeland the independent nation,
    humana y generosa humane and generous
    a la que entregamos nuestra existencia. to the which one we give our existence.
    Toque de Bandera Salute to the Flag
    Se levanta en el mástil mi bandera My flag rises in the mast
    como un sol entre céfiros y trinos like a sun between winds and warbles
    muy adentro en el templo de mi veneración, very inside in the temple of my veneration,
    oigo y siento contento latir mi corazón I hear and feel happily my heart beating
    Es mi bandera, la enseña nacional, It's my flag, the national standard,
    son estas notas su cántico marcial. These notes are its martial canticle.
    Desde niños sabremos venerarla From childhood we'll know how to venerate it
    Y también por su amor, ¡vivir! and also for its love, to live!
    Almo y sacro pendón que en nuestro anhelo Venerable and sacred banner of our yearning
    como rayo de luz se eleva al cielo like a ray of light rises to the sky
    inundando a través de su lienzo tricolor flooding through its three-colored canvas
    inmortal nuestro ser de fervor y patrio ardor. our immortal being of fervour and homeland ardour.
    Es mi bandera, la enseña nacional, It's my flag, the national standard,
    son estas notas su cántico marcial. these notes are its martial canticle.
    Desde niños sabremos venerarla Since children we'll know how to venerate it
    Y también por su amor, ¡morir! and also for its love, to die!

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